Betting is not easy to explain the Inflation Theory.
In the early twentieth century, astronomers noticed that galaxies were moving farther apart. The farther it goes, the faster it moves. Physicists say that then indeed, the Universe is expanding. So, surely at one time, it was like a tiny, dense, and heated dot. This is called the Big Bang.
Then, in 1960, two astronomers discovered cosmic microwave background radiation or CMB for short. It is very light (three degrees Kelvin’s) like an aura or temperature spread throughout the Universe. This also supported the theory of massive explosions because it is only possible for the Universe to have the same temperature from head to toe if they have been in the same place at some point in history.
Theorists had discovered the source of this aura – three hundred and eighty thousand years after the big bang, when the object began to freeze, and light began to move well, it was born. But what happened before? And how did it happen?
INFLATION is the best theory to explain how the Universe expanded in earlier times. It is a strategy, a mathematical model that explains CMB’s previous phenomena. It solves many of the big bang theory problems, but there was no hard evidence behind it before this week. Like any good theory, Inflation had to make a prediction that had to be proven right.
When it became possible to calculate better in 1990, it was found that the CMB thing is not perfectly smooth; there are waves somewhere. Inflation says that the quantum fluctuation that occurred during the expansion of the Universe has increased, and these waves have been created. When the Universe was so small that quantum physics’s head-scratching phenomena reigned – energy sprang from zero, particles were suddenly formed, lost, and all probabilities merged into one.
Inflation said that the Universe had expanded so fast (faster than the speed of light) that these fluctuations created these waves in space and time in the beginning. These deviations have expanded, creating mountains and valleys in the body of the Universe so that the particles of matter can be connected.
In other words, Inflation predicted that these waves would leave an impressive mark on the light polarization of the CMB. We found that signature.
Inflation is now much more proven. With our own eyes, we can now see the events of 380,000 years ago; Find out what happened in a fraction of a second of a big explosion. We can find our origin with a pattern. We were once “light.” Then we became a wave in temperature, which later turned into stars, then galaxies, matter!